[Solved] Rights, Freedoms, and De Jure Segregation Queries

Political science

Respond to all the prompts:  Each response needs to be at least 300 words (900-word-minimum for the entire assignment, as you will be responding to 3 prompts). There is no maximum: please do if you want to write more! Prompt #1 Which rights and freedoms for citizens do you think our government does a good […]

 

Prompt #1

The right to life and liberty are the most prioritized freedoms by many governments across the globe. Many countries worldwide streamline the methods used by their legislative systems to ensure that the life of each member of society is protected and supported. Governments consider the right to life one of the most important conventions because it is impossible to enjoy other rights without the right to life. They, therefore, put in place effective strategies to keep their citizens free from life-threatening situations. Many governments also prioritize the liberty of their citizens to allow them to move freely without any arbitrary detentions or limitations. Legal structures pose obligations on the state to protect citizens from kidnapping and abduction. As a result, any individual suspected of engaging in criminal activity is taken to court for trial. Such an individual cannot be detained or imprisoned unless found guilty because such an action could contravene their right to liberty. Many governments have well-established and independent judicial structures that ensure personal liberty is not illegitimately infringed.

However, strategies put in place by many governments to protect human rights often overlook the right to equality and freedom of speech. The right to equality requires maintaining that every person is equal before the law and deserves fair treatment and protection despite any community’s social, cultural, ethnic, and economic variations. However, the government develops laws that may unfairly limit the capacity of a group to enjoy life fully while experiencing protection by the law. For example, the Ugandan government passed the Anti-Homosexuality Act in 2014, prohibiting sexual relations between persons of the same sex (Jjuuko and Mutesi 269). Although the regulation was instituted to protect society from cultural deterioration, it unfairly limits the capacity of homosexuals to enjoy protection by the law. Similarly, the government develops regulations that contrast with the citizens’ freedom of speech. Although every person is entitled to the freedom of voicing their ideas and opinions freely, governments regulate the nature of the information that individual shares with other members of society. For example, the government of North Korea prohibits private media providers from sharing information concerning the government to members of the public (Song and Denney 451). As a result, the government contravenes the citizens’ freedom of speech.

To mitigate the risks associated with contravention of human rights, the government should focus its legal processes on democracy. Violation of various human rights results from the failure of the government to exercise democracy in all life dimensions. Since the main purpose of the governmental organization is to address various issues facing the community, they ought to focus their decisions on protecting the interests of their citizens. Such an objective could be achieved by observing impartiality when developing regulations to ensure that every citizen enjoys a quality life. For example, while the right to fairness and equality remains at stake, governments ought to allow greater participation by members of the public in the process of developing new regulations to ensure that the interests of every group in society are addressed. Such a strategy could also allow public members to voice their ideas and opinions concerning the prevailing government structure to illuminate strategies that could make the legal system more responsive to the citizens’ needs.

Prompt #2

Social media networks influence elections and campaigns by providing multiple platforms through which information is shared among citizens. Candidates use various social media platforms to run digital campaigns to share engaging content with information regarding their manifesto, key personality traits, achievements, and interests. Such networks also allow for communication between candidates and voters, influencing their decisions during elections. Moreover, social media platforms pave the way for political persuasion, implying that the more people use social media as news sources, the more their political views are affected. Similar to political campaigns, electoral bodies share information concerning elections through social media platforms. Electoral bodies use social media to provide election details to voters, hold debates between candidates, and update insight regarding the vote-counting process and results. As a result, social media contributes to full public participation in elections which affects results in the long run.

The use of social media in political campaigns and elections results in a more transparent voting process and optimizes the voters’ decisions. Social media allows voters to access a wide range of information concerning the candidates, their democratic rights, and the election process. Using the available information to scrutinize different candidates, voters identify the most appropriate aspirants. They also gain access to information concerning the voting process, allowing them to cast their votes rightfully to minimize the number of void votes during elections. Also, since social media allows voters to keep track of the votes counting process, opportunities for rigging are minimized, leading to a fair and transparent process. For this reason, social media is observed to cause a positive trend in elections and political campaigns.

Prompt #3

De Jure Segregation refers to the regally allowed and enforced separation of people living together under a single government system. Such a situation occurs when the government fails to observe impartiality and fairness when developing regulations, which exposes some social groups to multiple forms of discrimination. As a result, groups of people within society develop disproportionately as the quality of life they lead significantly differs. For example, during the Jim Crow period, regulations were instituted to separate African Americans from other community groups to minimize violence in the United States (Ritterhouse). As a result, African Americans experienced racial segregation that resulted in unfair incarceration, exclusion from government services, and poverty. Eventually, the application of de Jure Segregation resulted in the concepts of white supremacy and black inferiority.

De facto segregation, conversely, constitutes a direct manifestation of de jure segregation. Such a form of segregation occurs when the government develops regulations prohibiting racial segregation, but the concept remains in the hearts and minds of the people. As a result, the inferior race continues to experience discrimination despite the existence of laws prohibiting such activities. For example, after the abolishment of Jim Crow laws, the United States government mandated laws that discouraged racial segregation. However, a large proportion of the European population believed in white superiority and continued to mistreat African Americans. Unlike de jure segregation that was implemented by the law, de facto segregation resulted from the decision by the European groups to disdain the African American group. As a result, many White citizens moved to suburbs to avoid mixing with Black citizens after the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Temin). Due to the two forms of segregation, racism has been a major challenge facing the United States’ social and economic progression throughout its history.

Works Cited

Jjuuko, Adrian, and Fridah Mutesi. “The multifaceted struggle against the Anti-Homosexuality Act in Uganda.” Downloaded from the Humanities Digital Library, 2018, pp. 269. https://library.oapen.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.12657/39392/9780993110283.pdf?sequence=1#page=301

Song, Jay, and Steven Denney. “Studying North Korea through North Korean migrants: lessons from the field.” Critical Asian Studies 51.3 (2019): 451-466. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14672715.2019.1611462

Ritterhouse, Jennifer. “Daily Life in the Jim Crow South, 1900–1945.” Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History, 2018. https://oxfordre.com/americanhistory/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780199329175.001.0001/acrefore-9780199329175-e-329

Temin, Peter. “Never Together: Black and White People in the Postwar Economic Era.” Institute for New Economic Thinking Working Paper Series, vol. 128, 2020. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3671029


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